The CAPO-TEST permits performing pullout tests on existing structures without the need of pre-installed inserts as in the LOK-TEST.

CAPO-TEST provides a pullout test system similar to the LOK-TEST system for accurate on-site estimates of compressive strength of the outer 25 mm layer.

Procedures for performing post-installed pullout tests, such as CAPO-TEST, are included in ASTM C900 and EN 12504-3.

Typical applications of the CAPO-TEST include the following:

  • Estimating strength of concrete in existing structures as a fast and viable substitute to cores
  • Testing of strength in highly congested reinforcement structures
  • Quality assurance testing of the finished structure cover layer to check especially the curing conditions
  • Verification of in-place strength if the strength of standard-cured specimens fails to meet acceptance criteria
  • Evaluation of fire-damaged structures


Capo-test_1 When selecting the location for a CAPO-TEST, ensure that reinforcing bars are not within the failure region. A center hole 18.4 mm in diameter is cored to a depth of 65 mm. The surface is ground plane with a diamond planner. A recess (slot) is routed in the hole to a diameter of 25 mm and at a depth of 25 mm. A split ring is expanded in the recess and pulled out using a pull machine reacting against a 55 mm diameter counter pressure ring. As in the LOK-TEST, the concrete in the strut between the expanded ring and the counter pressure ring is in compression. Hence, the ultimate pullout force F is related directly to compressive strength.

The test is performed until the conic frustum between the expanded ring and the inner diameter of the counter pressure is dislodged. Thus there is minor surface damage, which should be repaired for aesthetic reasons or to avoid potential durability problems.

Correlation to cores, standard cubes and standard cylinders


Capo-Test and Lok-Test pullout force related to compressive strength measured by 100 mm dia, 100 mm cores, standard 150 mm cube strength (12 correlations) and to 150 mm dia, 300 mm long standard cylinders (18 correlations), compared to the general correlations. Ref.: Moczko, A.T., Carino, N.J. & Petersen, C.G.:”CAPO-TEST to Estimate Concrete Strength in Bridges”, ACI Materials Journal, Technical Paper, No. 113-M76, Nov.-Dec., 2016


Based on testing experiences and laboratory studies, it has been found that the accuracy of the compressive strength estimated by the CAPO-TEST using the general correlations shown on page 85 is similar to results obtained with the LOK-TEST. For normal density concrete, the coefficient of variation of individual CAPO-TEST results is about 8 %. For shotcrete 2-3%

Applications Examples

Capo-test_4Routing recess for the expandable ring in preparation for CAPO-TEST to evaluate surface strength of an industrial floor slab

Capo-test_5View of valid CAPO-TEST of a slab. Note the well-formed failure ring on the surface of the slab

Capo-test_6CAPO-TEST being performed in parking garage to evaluate in-place strength of suspect concrete

capo1Shotcrete in uranium mine being tested for strength using the CAPO-TEST

capo2High strength columns being tested for strength with CAPO-TEST prior to further loading with 8 more additional storeys


The CAPO-TEST kit includes C-101 Preparation Kit, the C-102 DSV-Kit, and a C-104 pull machine kit with the 0 to 100 kN digital gauge.

Separately delivered are the C-112 CAPO-TEST inserts (expandable rings), one for each test.

C-101 CAPO-TEST Preparation Kit
This kit is used to drill the center hole, to plan the surface and to cut the recess to accommodate the expandable insert. The kit also contains the unit for expanding the CAPO-TEST insert and other miscellaneous tools for conducting the test.

Item Order #
Counter pressure C-142
Expansion unit C-101-1
Water pump C-150
Recess router unit C-101-2
Distance piece, 25 mm C-136
Bottle w. CAPO-Oil C-143
Diamond drill unit C-101-3
Electric drill C-101-4
Wrench, 14 mm C-151
Wrench, 19 mm C-155
Screwdriver C-149
Tweezers C-148
Plastic hose C-157
Marking chalk C-160
Pliers C-147
Allen key, 4 mm C-156
Wrench, 46 mm C-147-1
Wrench, adjustable C-147-2
Vernier caliper C-135
Attaché case C-160


As an alternative to use the preparation kit tools handheld (for the coring, the planning and recess routing) the C-102 DSV-Kit can be used, ensuring the three steps are performed as specified.

The kit includes a suction plate with adjustable pliers and a vacuum pump.

For testing the suction plate is connected to the vacuum pump. Pressing the suction plate against the concrete surface will activate the vacuum. The two blue adjustable pliers are secured to the suction plate.

First, the center coring is performed with the flange of the diamond C-101-3 drill unit clamped to the suction plate, followed by surface planning using the C-102-1 Diamond Planner, also clamped to the suction plate.

Finally, the recess routing is performed in the correct 25 mm depth with the router flange circumference following the inner circumference of the suction plate.


Item Order #
Vacuum pump w. hose connector C-102-4
Centering brass tap C-102-5
Suction plate C-102-2
Clamping pliers, 2 C-102-3
Small screwdriver C-158
Wrench, 17 mm C-154
Plastic hoses C-147
Attaché case C-161

C-104 CAPO Pull Machine Kit

The hydraulic pull machine has a calibrated 0 to100 kN precision electronic gauge with memory for storage of test results (peak-value, time and date of testing).

The peak-value is shown on the digital display after a test has been terminated. The internal resolution of the gauge is 0.01 kN, but the pull force is displayed to the nearest 0.1 kN.

The same pull machine can be used for the BOND TEST and the LOK-TEST.

Item Order #
Hydraulic pull machine with electronic gauge C-104
AMIGAS printing software L-13
Cable for printer L-14
Oil refilling cup L-24
Oil refilling bottle L-25
Large screwdriver C-149
Small screwdriver C-157
Calibration table L-32
Manual L-33
Attaché case C-104-1

C-112 CAPO Expandable Inserts and Resizing Tool

Inserts and Resizing Tool
Capo-test_7C-112 CAPO expandable inserts

Capo-test_8C-111 Resizing Tool for resizing C-112 insert 2 to 3 times



We Recommend