Crack Monitoring Device (CMD)


The CMD system is used to monitor the opening and closing of a surface crack as well as relative lateral movement between the two sides of the crack as a function of time.


With the CMD (Crack Monitoring Device), a three-point rosette, in the shape of an equilateral triangle with 50-mm side lengths, is bonded to the surface. Two of the rosette points are positioned parallel to the crack, and the third one is positioned on the opposite side of the crack approximately half the distance to the base line.
Temperature and moisture related movements, measured between points A and B, together with crack movement measurements between points A and C as well as between points B and C are transformed mathematically into the opening or closing of the crack and into the relative lateral movement of the two sides of the crack.

The measurements are made manually with the CMD-200 using a caliper, or they can be made electronically with the CMD-300 using displacement sensors (LVDTs). The CMD-300 also has the option for remote monitoring from the office by means of a GSM cellular phone modem. The purchaser supplies the SIM card.

Resolution and Variation

The resolution of the displacement measurements is 0.01 mm and the coefficient of variation for replicate measurement on the same crack is 5 %.

Testing Examples

CMD_2The CMD-200 being used for measurement of crack movement caused by ASR

CMD_3Opening and lateral movement of a crack measured over 6 months

CMD_4The CMD-300 rosettes with LVDT sensors mounted

CMD_5Computer display from the logging of the crack movement downloaded to a PC on-site or at the office by a phone line

CMD Ordering Numbers


Item Order #
Three rosettes CMD-210
Positioning plate, acrylic CMD-220
GRA glue, box CMD-230
Precision caliper, electronic CMD-240
Manual CMD-250

The CMD-250 manual contains the mathematical equations for calculating the crack opening or closing and the lateral movement based on the recorded distances between the rosette points.


Item Order #
Case with electronics and GSM phone modem CMD-310
Three point rosette mounted with LVDT sensors (illustrated top of page) CMD-320
Positioning plate, acrylic CMD-330
Extension RS-232 cable CMD-340
GRA glue, box CMD-350
Set of anchoring tools CMD-360
Tube with silicone CMD-370
CMD-300 software, CD-ROM CMD-380
Manual CMD-390



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